India is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.
Four world religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism—originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region’s diverse culture. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialized country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption, malnutrition, inadequate public healthcare, and terrorism.
Despite impressive economic growth during recent decades, India continues to face socio-economic challenges. Population growth and rapid urbanization are creating huge challenges for India. As the seventh largest country, and the second most populous nation with over 1.2 billion people, an alarming 440 million live below the line of poverty. 73% of the population lives in rural areas, with limited access to food and water. Poverty, malnutrition, and limited access to health care are a historical reality in India. In 2015, it was reported that 15% of Indian population is undernourished, and 30.7% of India’s children under the age of five are underweight.
Furthermore, the education infrastructure in India is reversing with the rate of literacy being extremely low in most urban areas. Pollution is causing major health problems to vulnerable citizens of India, and exposure to it has become the sixth largest killer in India. Climate is another major challenge facing the Indian population regularly. India is vulnerable to natural disasters such as seasonal monsoons, earthquakes, cyclones, floods, and landslides.
Bairulmaal partners with local relief and development organizations to implement seasonal programs, and provide urgent humanitarian assistance when disaster hits.